Quote of the Day

William Shakespeare
Men are April when they woo, December when they wed. Maids are May when they are maids, but the sky changes when they are wives. Discuss

Andrew Lang
A book is a friend whose face is constantly changing. If you read it when you are recovering from an illness, and return to it years after, it is changed surely, with the change in yourself.

Arthur Conan Doyle
Mediocrity knows nothing higher than itself, but talent instantly recognizes genius.

This Day in History

Johnny Carson Hosts The Tonight Show for Last Time (1992)
Carson hosted NBC's The Tonight Show from 1962 to 1992. His personable demeanor and wry sense of humor appealed to viewers, and during his tenure, the show became America's most popular late-night program. The show's familiar formula included sidekick Ed McMahon introducing Carson by announcing, "Heeere's Johnny!," followed by Carson's monologue, and then guest interviews and occasional comedy sketches. How many people tuned in to watch his last show? Discuss

Clara Barton Establishes the American Red Cross (1881)
The American Red Cross (ARC) is part of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. It provides disaster relief and emergency assistance in the US and is the country's largest supplier of banked blood. American humanitarian Clara Barton established the ARC after working with the International Red Cross during a visit to Europe. Just months after its establishment, the ARC faced its first test when a fire where left thousands homeless and in desperate need of aid?

US President Lincoln Signs Homestead Act into Law (1862)
The Homestead Act was a federal law that sought to shape the American West by populating it with farmers. The act provided for the transfer of 160 acres of unoccupied public land to each homesteader at $1.25 an acre after six months of residence or for a nominal fee after five years. However, the generous law became subject to fraud and corporate abuse. The settlers did not fare much better, given the harsh land and arid conditions out West. Who was the last person to take advantage of the law?

Today

Giacomo Matteotti (1885)
Matteotti was an Italian Socialist leader, member of parliament, and outspoken opponent of the Fascist regime during its early days. His death at the hands of Fascist hirelings precipitated a parliamentary crisis that Mussolini overcame by disavowing the murder and tightening police control. It could be said that Mussolini's dictatorship began when he crushed the opposition aroused by this assassination. Mussolini's role in Matteotti's death remains a subject of debate. How was Matteotti killed? Discuss

Alexander Pope (1688)
Pope, recognized as the greatest English poet of the 18th century, was almost entirely self-taught. He established his poetic reputation with the Pastorals in 1709 and the Essay on Criticism in 1711. The Rape of the Lock, a mock-heroic epic ridiculing high society, is perhaps his most popular work. A number of passages from his works have taken on a somewhat proverbial quality, such as "To err is human, to forgive, divine." From what health problems did Pope suffer?

Cher (1946)
In a career spanning almost 50 years, Cherilyn Sarkisian, better known as Cher, has established herself as an enduring pop culture icon and one of the most popular female artists in music history. Cher first rose to prominence in the 1960s as one half of the pop duo Sonny and Cher. In 1965, their first hit, "I Got You Babe," topped US and UK charts. Cher went on to become an accomplished solo artist as well as a TV and film actress. What was the biggest-selling single of her career?